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AEL-WPPIC
Wind Energy

The Computer Controlled Wind Power Plants Application with Induction Generator, "AEL-WPPIC", has been developed by EDIBON to study of the main characteristics and behavior of the induction generators used in wind turbines which inject the generated power into the grid.

The "AEL-WPPIC" application allows the user to become familiar with the electrical scheme and the operating characteristics of wind turbines which use squirrel cage rotor three-phase generators in wind power plants connected to the main grid.

For this, the application includes a squirrel cage induction generator coupled to a three-phase motor (turbine), whose speed is controlled through a variable frequency drive. This allows simulating different wind conditions and the drive train of a wind turbine.

This application also includes a module with a multifunction digital controller for the automatic control of the turbine-generator group electrical parameters and speed, as well as for the carrying out the automatic synchronization process of the three-phase induction generator with the grid.

This control module is at the same time an advanced protection for generators and turbines. It meets the ANSI standards regarding the protection parameters for generators and turbines (ANSI 81O, ANSI 81U, ANSI 59, ANSI 27, ANSI 50/51, ANSI 32R/F, ANSI IOP 32, ANSI MOP 32, ANSI 46, Voltage Asymmetry, Generator Ground Fault, Phase Rotation, ANSI IEC 255 , Generator Lagging Power Factor, among others).

In addition, it is included a three-phase capacitors bank which will generate the required reactive energy so that the induction generator do not consume it from the grid and a network analyzer to monitor the generation electrical parameters.

On the other hand, the essential part of this application is the Energy Manager and Data Acquisition Software, "EMG-SCADA".

This tool allows the user to carry out remotely the control and automatic synchronization maneuvers with the turbine-generator group and at the same time to monitor every curves of the generator electrical parameters, watch the voltage dips, the energy losses and voltage drops.

Moreover, it allows saving all the acquired data to watch and compare it later. It is possible to see clearly and with accuracy the effects of reactive power compensation on the monitored power curves, maximum and minimum energy demand, load unbalances and the variation of the power factor.

But the functionality of this software does not end here, the EMG-SCADA allows carrying out the simulation of pre-configured wind curves for a real time or later analysis of the induction generator response.

In this way, the user will be able to obtain and analyze the speed and power curves of the simulated wind turbine regarding the pre-configured values, for an in-depth study of this type of wind power plants.

To acquire more experience in the study of wind turbines with three-phase squirrel cage generators, it is recommended to acquire the modules of resistors and inductances oriented to the study of the island operation of the three-phase induction generator and the manual compensation of the reactive power consumed by it.

In addition, the analog instrumentation module for the measurement of the most relevant electrical parameters of the generator (P, Q, V, f) is also recommended.

This Computer Controlled Unit is supplied with the EDIBON Computer Control System (SCADA), and includes: The unit itself + Computer Control, Data Acquisition and Data Management Software Packages, for controlling the process and all parameters involved in the process.

 

EXERCISES AND GUIDED PRACTICES

  1. Startup of the induction generator.
  2. Automatic control of the turbine-generator group speed.
  3. Automatic synchronization of the three-phase induction generator with the grid.
  4. Monitoring the three-phase induction generator electrical parameters (P, Q, S, PF).
  5. Control of the active power injected into the grid.
  6. Influence of the speed variation on the active power and analysis of the feasible solutions to automate the power factor regulation.
  7. Compensation of the reactive power by means of capacitor banks.
  8. Remote automatic control of the turbine-generator group.
  9. Real time monitoring of frequency, current and voltage values and waveforms.
  10. Real time monitoring of the active, reactive and apparent powers.
  11. Visualization of the curves for the measured values as a function of time.
  12. Visualization of the phasor diagrams of the generator electrical parameters.
  13. Customized programming of the wind speed curves.
  14. Simulation of the wind speed curves for a wind turbine with three-phase induction generators.
  15. Visualization of the power curve for the pre-configured wind speed values.
  16. Real time monitoring of the obtained results.
  17. Storage and comparison of the obtained results.

Practical possibilities with the recommended elements:

  1. Island operation of the three-phase induction generator.
  2. Study of the generation and demand in isolated systems.
  3. Measurement of the electrical parameters of the generator (P, Q, V, f) by analog instrumentation.

Other possibilities to be done with this unit:

  1. Many students view results simultaneously. To view all results in real time in the classroom by means of a projector or an electronic whiteboard.
  2. The Computer Control System with SCADA allows a real industrial simulation.
  3. This unit is totally safe as uses mechanical, electrical/electronic, and software safety devices.
  4. This unit can be used for doing applied research.
  5. This unit can be used for giving training courses to Industries even to other Technical Education Institutions.
  6. Control of the AEL-WPPIC unit process through the control interface box without the computer.
  7. Visualization of all the sensors values used in the AEL-WPPIC unit process.
  8. Several other exercises can be done and designed by the user.

 

 

 

TENDER SPECIFICATIONS (for main items)

1 AEL-WPPIC. Application:

 • N-ALI01. Industrial Main Power Supply Module.

        Supply voltage: 400 VAC, 3PH+N.

        ON/OFF removable key.

        Output voltage connections:

            Three-phase + Neutral: 400 VAC.

            Single-phase: 230 VAC.

        Three-phase supply hose with IP44 3PN+E 32 A 400 V connecting plug.

        Differential magnetothermal 4 poles, 25 A, 30 mA AC 6 KA.

        Emergency stop push button.

 

• N-ERP-PGC02. Turbine Protection and Control Module.

       Generator protection relay module.

       Single-phase supply voltage: 230 VAC.

       “Island grid/parallel grid” control switch.

       “Local/remote” control switch.

       Manual control switches of the relay:

           SW1, emergency stop.

           SW2, automatic start of the generator-motor group.

           SW3, protections reset pushbutton.

           SW4, generator frequency control activation.

           SW5, 52 G1 synchronization circuit breaker closure manual permission.

       State light indicators.

       Alarm light indicators.

       Synchronization safety key.

       Emergency stop pushbutton.

       ON/OFF switch.

       Connection terminals.

       The “N-ERP-PGC-02” Turbine Protection and Control Module:

          The “N-ERP-PGC-02” Turbine Protection and Control Module:

Enables to connect up to 16 generators in parallel-island with distribution of active and  reactive load and start/stop operation control in function of the load demand.

          Enables to connect one generator in parallel with the grid.

          Enables different switches control modes, such as opening, closing and synchronization. 

          Includes analogical outputs to control voltage and frequency regulators available in the market.

          Three-phase measurement of the grid and generator voltage.

          Three-phase measurement of the generator current and power.

          Single-phase measurement of the grid current.

       Protections:

Generator protections: max/min. voltage (59/27), max/min. frequency (81O/U), voltage asymmetry, dead bus detection, overload (32), unbalance load (46/F), reverse power/reduce (32R/F), overcurrent time define curve (50/51), inverse time overcurrent (IEC255), fault ground (50N/51N), phases, breakers fault.

          Motor: over/sub speed (12).

          Mains: max/min. voltage (59/27), max/min. frequency (81O/U), vector surge.

 • N-EALD. Network Analyzer Module with Oscilloscope and Data Acquisition.

The network analyzer module allows fulfilling measurements, displaying and analyzing all the parameters of the AC electrical networks. It has an LCD screen and push-buttons for the navigation through the different menus. It includes specific software for monitoring current and voltage curves, harmonics display, tariffs programming, alarms programming and electrical parameters storage.

       Features:

           Multifunctional three-phase power meter:

               Single and three-phase voltage. Up to 690 VAC L-L.

               Line and neutral nominal current: 10 A.

               Active, reactive and apparent power.

               Suitable frequencies: 25 Hz, 50 Hz, 60 Hz and 400 Hz.

               Display of the V-I vector diagram.

               Supply voltage: 85 - 265 VAC.

           Energy quality control:  

               Current and voltage individual harmonics measurement. Up to the 40th harmonic.

               Voltage and current THD, TDD and K-Factor.

               Maximums and minimums display.

               Waveforms display, 128 samples/sec.

           Events and data storage:

               Harmonics analyzer:

                   Voltage and current THD, current TDD and K-Factor, up to the 40th harmonic.

                   Current and voltage harmonic spectrum and angles.

               Tariff programming:

                   Class 0.5S IEC 62053 - 22, active and reactive power in four quadrants.

                   Measurement of the total and per phase three-phase active, reactive and apparent powers.

                   Usage time, four energy/demand records of total tariffs.

                   Eight tariffs, four seasons, four types of days.    

                   Automatic daily report of energy consumption maximums and minimums.

               Communications:

                   RS-485 communication port.  

 

• PSV-WPPP-SOF. Wind Powered Power Plant Simulator.

The wind power plant simulation software allows the user to easily simulate the behavior of a wind turbine under different conditions.

From the software the user can load different wind profiles and relate them to the theoretical power curve of the turbine. These wind speed and power curves are drawn by the user using a high precision tool. In addition, the user can configure as starting conditions of the system the following parameters: nominal power of the wind turbine, minimum wind speed for turbine start-up and maximum operating wind speed.

This software will allow real-time data storage for later analysis. These data include all the electrical parameters of the generator in relation to the variability of wind conditions: active, reactive and apparent power, electric current, voltages, power factor, phasor diagrams, etc.

 

• N-CAR19T/3C. 3 x 300 Var Three-Phase Configurable Capacitors Module.

         Three three-phase banks with capacitors of 2 µF each one.

         Configurable star and delta connection.             

         Nominal voltage: 400 VAC.

         Nominal power: 3 x (3 x 300) Var.

 

• GMG1.25K3PH. 1.25 kW Generator-Motor Group.

         Nominal generator power: 1.1 kVA.

         Nominal generator current: 2.28 A.

         RPM: 1500 rpm.

         Nominal motor power: 1.5 kVA.

         Nominal motor current: 2.85 A.

         Note: technical characteristics of the machines may vary due to product improvement.

 

Required elements (Not included):

  • AEL-PC. Touch Screen and Computer.

         Touch screen:

            Energy efficiency class: A.

            Screen diagonal: 68.6 cm (27 inch (s)).

            Power consumption (operating): 26 watts.

            Annual energy consumption: 38 kWh.

            Power consumption (standby/off): 0.49 watts.

            Screen resolution: 1920 x 1080 pixels.

         Computer:

            Processor number: Intel Core i7-6600U Processor (4M Cache, up to 3.40 GHz).

            Cache: 4 MB Intel Smart Cache.

            Clock speed: 2.6 GHz.

            # Of cores/# of threads: 2/4.

            Max. TDP/Power: 15 W.

            Memory types: DDR4-2133, LPDDDR3-1866, DDR3L-1600.

            Graphics: Intel HD graphics 530.

            Slot for PCI Express.

 

Additional recommended elements (Not included):

  • N-REVT/1K. 1kW Three-Phase Resistors Module.

         Parallel, series, star and delta connection.

         Resistance: 3 x 750 Ohm.

         Current: 3 x 2 A. 

 

 • N-INDT/3C. 3 x 300 Var Three-Phase Configurable Inductances Module.

         Three three-phase banks with inductances of 5 Ω each one.

         Configurable star and delta connection.

         Nominal voltage: 400 VAC.

         Nominal power: 3 x (3 x 300) Var.  

 

 • N-PPIM1. Instrumentation Module 1.

         Three-phase wattmeter:

             Measured range: 0 - 1.5 kW.

         Three-phase varmeter:

             Measured range: 0 - 1.5 KVAr.

         Voltmeter:

             Measured range: 0 - 500 V.

         Frequency meter:

             Measured range: 45 - 55 Hz.

         DC meter:

             Measured range: 0 - 10 A.   

The complete unit includes as well:

Advanced Real-Time SCADA.

Open Control + Multicontrol + Real-Time Control.

Specialized EDIBON Control Software based on LabVIEW.

Calibration exercises, which are included, teach the user how to calibrate a sensor and the importance of checking the accuracy of the sensors before taking measurements.

Projector and/or electronic whiteboard compatibility allows the unit to be explained and demonstrated to an entire class at one time.

Capable of doing applied research, real industrial simulation, training courses, etc.

Remote operation and control by the user and remote control for EDIBON technical support, are always included.

Totally safe, utilizing 4 safety systems (Mechanical, Electrical, Electronic & Software).

Designed and manufactured under several quality standards.

Optional ICAI software to create, edit and carry out practical exercises, tests, exams, calculations, etc. Apart from monitoring user's knowledge and progress reached.

This unit has been designed for future expansion and integration. A common expansion is the EDIBON Scada-Net (ESN) System which enables multiple students to simultaneously operate many units in a network.

2 AEL-WPPIC/CCSOF. Computer Control +Data Acquisition+Data Management Software:

The three softwares are part of the SCADA system.

Compatible with the industry standards.

Flexible, open and multicontrol software, developed with actual windows graphic systems, acting simultaneously on all process parameters.

Management, processing, comparison and storage of data.

Calibration system for the sensors involved in the process.

It allows the registration of the alarms state and the graphic representation in real time.

Open software, allowing the teacher to modify texts, instructions. Teacher’s and student’s passwords to facilitate the teacher’s control on the student, and allowing the access to different work levels.

This unit allows the 30 students of the classroom to visualize simultaneously all the results and the manipulation of the unit, during the process, by using a projector or an electronic whiteboard.

3 Cables and Accessories, for normal operation.

4 Manuals:

This unit is supplied with 8 manuals: Required Services, Assembly and Installation, Interface and Control Software, Starting-up, Safety, Maintenance, Calibration & Practices Manuals.

*              References 1 to 4 are the main items: AEL-WPPIC + AEL-WPPIC/CCSOF + Cables and Accessories + Manuals are included in the minimum supply for enabling normal and full operation.

 

 

EXERCISES AND PRACTICAL POSSIBILITIES TO BE DONE WITH THE MAIN ITEMS

1.-  Startup of the induction generator.

  2.-  Automatic speed control of the turbine-generator group speed.

  3.-  Automatic synchronization of the three-phase induction generator with the grid.

  4.- Monitoring the three-phase induction generator electrical parameters with the grid (P, Q, S, PF).

  5.- Control of the active power injected into the grid.

  6.- Compensation of the reactive power by means of capacitor banks.

  7.-  Remote automatic control of the turbine-generator group. 

  8.- Real time monitoring of current and voltage values and waveforms.

  9.- Real time monitoring of the active, reactive and apparent powers.

10.- Visualization of the curves for the measured values as a function of time. 

11.- Visualization of the phasor diagrams of the generator electrical parameters.

12.- Customized setting of the wind speed curves.

13.- Visualization of the power curve for the pre-configured wind speed values.

14.- Real time monitoring of the obtained results.

15.- Storage and comparison of the obtained results. 

Practical possibilities with the recommended elements:

16.-  Stand-alone of the three-phase induction generator. 

17.-  Study of the generation and demand in isolated systems.

18.-  Measurement of the electrical parameters of the generator (P, Q, V, f) by analog instrumentation.

Other possibilities to be done with this Unit:

19.-  Many students view results simultaneously.

      To view all results in real time in the classroom by means of a projector or an electronic whiteboard.

20.-  Open Control, Multicontrol and Real Time Control.

      This unit allows intrinsically and/or extrinsically to change the span, gains; proportional, integral, derivative parameters; etc, in real time.

21.-The Computer Control System with SCADA allows a real industrial simulation.

22.-This unit is totally safe as uses mechanical, electrical/electronic, and software safety devices.

23.-This unit can be used for doing applied research.

24.-This unit can be used for giving training courses to Industries even to other Technical Education Institutions.

25.-Visualization of all the sensors values used in the AEL-WPPIC unit process.

- Several other exercises can be done and designed by the user.

 

 

TENDER SPECIFICATIONS (for optional items)

 

a) Technical and Vocational Education configuration

5 AEL-WPPIC/ICAI. Interactive Computer Aided Instruction Software.

This complete software package consists of an Instructor Software (EDIBON Classroom Manager - ECM-SOF) totally integrated with the Student Software (EDIBON Student Labsoft - ESL-SOF). Both are interconnected so that the teacher knows at any moment what is the theoretical and practical knowledge of the students.

- ECM-SOF. EDIBON Classroom Manager (Instructor Software).

ECM-SOF is the application that allows the Instructor to register students, manage and assign tasks for workgroups, create own content to carry out Practical Exercises, choose one of the evaluation methods to check the Student knowledge and monitor the progression related to the planned tasks for individual students, workgroups, units, etc...so the teacher can know in real time the level of understanding of any student in the classroom.

Innovative features:

• User Data Base Management.

• Administration and assignment of Workgroup, Task and Training sessions.

• Creation and Integration of Practical Exercises and Multimedia Resources.

• Custom Design of Evaluation Methods.

• Creation and assignment of Formulas & Equations.

• Equation System Solver Engine.

• Updatable Contents.

• Report generation, User Progression Monitoring and Statistics.

- ESL-SOF. EDIBON Student Labsoft (Student Software).

ESL-SOF is the application addressed to the Students that helps them to understand theoretical concepts by means of practical exercises and to prove their knowledge and progression by performing tests and calculations in addition to Multimedia Resources. Default planned tasks and an Open workgroup are provided by EDIBON to allow the students start working from the first session. Reports and statistics are available to know their progression at any time, as well as explanations for every exercise to reinforce the theoretically acquired technical knowledge.

Innovative features:

• Student Log-In & Self-Registration.

• Existing Tasks checking & Monitoring.

• Default contents & scheduled tasks available to be used from the first session.

• Practical Exercises accomplishment by following the Manual provided by EDIBON.

• Evaluation Methods to prove your knowledge and progression.

• Test self-correction.

• Calculations computing and plotting.

• Equation System Solver Engine.

• User Monitoring Learning & Printable Reports.

• Multimedia-Supported auxiliary resources.

b) Multipost Expansions options

6 MINI ESN. EDIBON Mini Scada-Net System for being used with EDIBON Teaching Units.

MINI ESN. EDIBON Mini Scada-Net System allows up to 30 students to work with a Teaching Unit in any laboratory, simultaneously.

The MINI ESN system consists of the adaptation of any EDIBON Computer Controlled Unit with SCADA integrated in a local network.

This system allows to view/control the unit remotely, from any computer integrated in the local net (in the classroom), through the main computer connected to the unit.

Main characteristics:

- It allows up to 30 students to work simultaneously with the EDIBON Computer Controlled Unit with SCADA, connected in a local net.

- Open Control + Multicontrol + Real Time Control + Multi Student Post.

- Instructor controls and explains to all students at the same time.

- Any user/student can work doing "real time" control/multicontrol and visualisation.

- Instructor can see in the computer what any user/student is doing in the unit.

- Continuous communication between the instructor and all the users/students connected.

Main advantages:

- It allows an easier and quicker understanding.

- This system allows you can save time and cost.

- Future expansions with more EDIBON Units.

The system basically will consist of:

This system is used with a Computer Controlled Unit.

- Instructor’s computer.

- Students’ computers.

- Local Network.

- Unit-Control Interface adaptation.

- Unit Software adaptation.

- Webcam.

- MINI ESN Software to control the whole system.

- Cables and accessories required for a normal operation.

 

 

 

 

Voltage availability
220-240V
Production lead time
days
Teacher materials available
Yes
Student materials available
Yes
E-Learning modules
No

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